Hui’an Stone Carving inscribed in 2006 on the list of China Intangible Cutural Heritage of Folk Fine Art

Hui’an Stone Carving is a traditional carving art using petrous bluestone that is mainly found in Hui’an County in the Quanzhou area of Fujian Province. Hui’an teems with blue stones that stonemasons use to make sculptures for decorating temples and other constructions.

Relief Panel hand carved by Quanzhou Xinkai Stone

Relief Panel hand carved by Quanzhou Xinkai Stone

Hui’an Stone Carving originated along the Yellow River valley, and combined local cultural elements as well as those from foreign cultures introduced via the Silk Road at Sea.

As early as the Southern Song Dynasty(1127-1279), Hui’an Stone Carving was divided into numerous genres. It developed rapidly during the Yuan Dynasty(1271-1368) and reached its peak by the end of the Ming Dynasty(1368-1644). Stone-carving shops sprang up in the region. They produced mainly architectural decorations, and these decorative carvings made their way into many temples and monasteries in Fujian and Taiwan, as well as some of Beijing’s grandest buildings.

3-D Statue hand carved by Quanzhou Xinkai Stone

3-D Statue hand carved by Quanzhou Xinkai Stone

There are five main genres of Hui’an Stone Carving: stone tablets, landscape sculptures, architectural ornaments, crafts, and practical-use daily utensils. The techniques employed include circular-carving, relief-carving, line-engraving, incised-carving, and image-engraving.

The themes of Hui’an stone carving mainly center on figures, flowers and birds. It is famous for the stone lion, which is lovely and has stone pearls in its mouth.

Hui’an stone carving has seen many developments over the years. With distinct local characteristics, it has spread overseas and is especially popular in Southeast Asian countries.

Dragon-carved stone pillar hand carved by Quanzhou Xinkai Stone

Dragon-carved stone pillar hand carved by Quanzhou Xinkai Stone


Source:
ChinaCulture.org
http://www.chinaculture.org/focus/2006-11/19/content_88864.htm

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